Top 10 IT-beveiligingsbeleid

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IT security policies are a means for organizations to respond to security threats that arise from both internal threats such as employees' personal workstations, and external threats such as computer hackers and external attackers.

Following are ten general IT security policies that can be used to protect your organization.

1. Ensure that your employees follow proper computer security policies and discontinue use of Internet Explorer if it is not supported by your network.

2. Educate your employees to ensure that they take all actions necessary to protect the sensitive data on their computers.

3. Set up a Web filtering component to monitor websites for content that may be offensive, inappropriate, or unsafe for the employees to handle.

4. Turn off file sharing within the organization using the organization's firewall.

5. Purchase software that allows for the remote deployment of patches and fixes to problematic servers.

6. Encrypt data that are important to your organization, such as the financial statements, credit card receipts, and account information.

7. Do not broadcast your presence to the public through wireless or otherwise public means.

8. Do not store personal information on your Web site. If your Web site does contain personal information, keep that information secure.

9. Do not post personal information on your Web site, regardless of how inviting it might look.

10. Secure your Web hosting service.

What is meant by IT security? According to Wikipedia's definition, information security is the process of protecting data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification, or destruction. The security of data can be achieved through several means, including passwords, firewalls, credit card safeguards, and encryption.

Let's now explore ten ways that you can implement the information security protocol to protect your organization:

1. Passwords

Raws are guaranteed to never be the same. They must be constantly changed to match the capabilities of the Web server they are hosted on, as well as to cope with the strains of coordinating a large number of systems on a single server. Database passwords, financial documents and other delicate documents should be kept confidential by returning the keyholder to a user's original password upon request.

2. Passwords

Your database passwords should be difficult to guess. Database passwords should not be based on dates, names or other "intuitive" information. Database passwords should be a mixture of numbers, upper and lower case letters and non-alphanumeric symbols. In addition, you should not use the same password everywhere – a sign of a successful password cracker!

3. Encryption

To maintain privacy and to protect data that is highly sensitive, encrypt your documents and database files. Data encryption is a powerful Internet security technique that can be used to send documents and database files encrypted over the Internet. Before encrypting your documents, you should identify all document and database files that are to be protected. Identify each file by its file name, extension and date. Next, encrypt each file by using the encryption utility of your choice. Confirm that the file was encrypted successfully.

4. File sharing

To protect sensitive data, do not allow your files to be shared with others. Even allowing the sharing of an unencrypted file opens the possibility for someone to determine its contents. Certainly, you can protect your sensitive data by not sharing it at all.

5. E-mail

Virus and other malicious software experts frequently use e-mail to deliver viruses and other malicious programs. Do not send e-mail unless you are absolutely certain that it is from a trusted source. If you have good security software on your computer, you can also encrypt your e-mail.

6. Digital signature

An electronic signature is the most effective of all kinds of Internet security measures. It is a way to authenticate the identity of a Web server or other program representative. Online heralds of bad news, update your software so that it can recognize and verify e-mail messages from companies and organizations you have consulted. When in doubt, contact the organization directly.

7. Install anti-virus software

An anti-virus program is no longer a good idea. As time passes, viruses can only become more advanced in their methods of spreading. Besides, if you have one, five or ten anti-virus programs running on your computer, you may not be able to scan all files on your hard drive with all of them. Check your anti-virus program manual or customer's manual to choose which ones to use. Installing the best program is not a difficult task; it's only a matter of choosing the best programs.

8. Delete malicious programs

Do not click on links that say "Continue", "Delete", "Close" or any other button such as "Perform".